Cloud Computing?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Computer technology, Innovations, Mobile Technology

Cloud computing is a more efficient way of delivering computing resources. With cloud computing, software and service environments are subscription-based. So, Users pay a monthly fee instead of buying licenses. Software and platforms are managed by the providers. and are updated continuously for maximum performance and security. Computing power is remote instead of centralized. So, users can tap into extra capacity if business spikes. Multiple people can access a shareable program or file and collaborate in real time from different locations.

Life before cloud computing

Younger workers might find it hard to imagine that. employees only access work files, messages, and systems from a terminal at the office. That is daisy-chain to other computers in the network via physical cables. Software had to be installed manually on each computer. Moreover. Company data stored on large machines in a room or closet that had to be kept well-ventilated to prevent overheating. The loss or failure of a single device could be catastrophic.

Cloud computing has eliminated many former office characteristics:
  • Large servers — Businesses no longer need to house banks of servers in well-ventilate closets or equipment rooms.
  • Dedicate in-house IT support — Tech talent as prizes as ever. but businesses no longer need dedicate in-house workers to troubleshoot their hardware and software systems. Tedious tasks like updating computers one by one have bee eliminated.
  • Data storage devices — Employees don’t have to manually back up data on hard drives, discs, or external devices.
  • Limited geographic access — Employees and managers are no longer tether to the office. They can be just as productive when traveling or working remotely., as they can from the business’ headquarters. Access to processes and information is not tied to a particular geographic location.
  • Outdated off-the-shelf software — Software updates use to require major expenditures every few years to buy the latest version of important programs. Applications are manually install and maintain on every device. Only the largest enterprises hire developers to create customize software. Bugs and security problems go unaddressed for years.
  • Information loss — Managers use to fear that an emergency or natural disaster wipes out all of a company’s records. Data that stores locally on office computers is vulnerable to loss or failure. but data stores in the cloud has multiple safeguards.
  • Duplicate versions of documents — Employees no longer have to email files back and forth., with one person making changes at a time. and different versions of work products stores locally on multiple devices. Additionally, Cloud-base files with sharing access are always up-to-date. Colleagues can be confident that they are all seeing the same thing and working with the same information.

Cloud computing: a better way

Cloud computing eliminates the headaches that come with storing your own data. because you’re not managing hardware and software — that becomes the responsibility of an experienced vendor like Salesforce. shareable infrastructure works like a utility. You only pay for what you need, upgrades are automatic, and scaling up or down is easy.

Moreover, Cloud-based apps can be up and running in days or weeks, and they cost less. With a cloud app, you just open a browser, log in, customize the app, and start using it.

Why cloud computing is better:
  • Accessible from anywhere — Applications and data are not tied to a device. So, they are accessible from anywhere, enabling real-time collaboration by remote teams.
  • Flexible and scalable — Cloud-based applications are infinitely customizable. It is easy to increase power, storage, and bandwidth as users’ needs change.
  • Cost-effective — Businesses only pay for what they use, usually on a per-month, per-seat basis. There is no hardware taking up space and using electricity 24/7.
  • Hassle-free updates — Web-base software constantly updates. The vendor handles maintenance, backups, and troubleshooting.
  • Fast — Service delivers on demand through a global network of secure data centers. that are constantly upgrade for maximum efficiency and performance.
  • Secure — Information is not vulnerable to a flood, fire, natural disaster, or hardware failure in one location. As well as Security protocols and infrastructure constantly analyzes and update to address new threats.

Working of cloud computing

Rather than owning their own computing infrastructure or data centers. companies can rent access to anything from applications to storage from a cloud service provider.

One benefit of using cloud computing services is that., firms can avoid the upfront cost and complexity of owning and maintaining their own IT infrastructure. And instead simply pay for what they use, when they use it.

In turn, providers of cloud computing services can benefit from significant economies of scale., by delivering the same services to a wide range of customers.

Available services

Cloud computing services cover a vast range of options now., from the basics of storage, networking, and processing power through to natural language processing and artificial intelligence. As well as standard office applications. Pretty much any service that doesn’t require you to be physically close to the computer hardware., that you are using can now be deliver via the cloud.

Examples of cloud computing?

Cloud computing underpins a vast number of services. That includes consumer services like Gmail or the cloud back-up of the photos on your smartphone., though to the services which allow large enterprises to host all their data and run all of their applications in the cloud. Netflix relies on cloud computing services to run its video streaming service and its other business systems too, and have a number of other organisations.

Cloud computing is becoming the default option for many apps. software vendors are increasingly offering their applications as services over the internet., rather than standalone products as they try to switch to a subscription model. However, there is a potential downside to cloud computing., in that it can also introduce new costs and new risks for companies using it.

Types of Cloud Computing

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Reinforcement learning-There are some amazing answers.

Posted Posted in Artificial Intelligence, Innovations

Reinforcement Learning is learning what to do — how to map situations to actions — so as to maximize a numerical reward signal. A learning agent can take actions that affect the state of the environment and have goals relating to the state of the environment.

There are some amazing answers.

Suppose you have a dog that is not so well trained. Every time the dog messes up the living room you reduce the amount of tasty foods you give it (punishment) and every time it behaves well you double the tasty snacks (reward). What will the dog eventually learn? Well, that messing up the living room is bad.

This simple concept is powerful. The dog is the agent, the living room the environment, you are the source of the reward signal (tasty snacks). You are giving feedback to the dog. But this feedback is vague it doesn’t mean anything without the context. So eventually the dog’s neural networks figure out the relationship between the tasty snacks and good behavior.

So in order for the dog to maximize the goal of eating more tasty snacks, it will simply behave well. And never to mess with the living room again. So you can apply RL to non-computer related problems, such as this dog-living room example. Every biological entity has reinforcement learning (RL) built in, humans, cats and many more use it. That is why RL, if solved, can be a very powerful tool for artificial intelligence (AI) applications in fields like self-driving cars.

So in Reinforcement Learning

we want to mimic the behavior of biological entities. A robot can be the agent and the goal for it will be to find the best way to move from one place in the house to the other without hitting into obstacles. So it is important to define a score, hit an obstacle and get a negative score (punishment), avoid an obstacle and get a positive score (reward). And the more distance it covers the more the reward. So feedback can come from multiple sources. The goal is to maximize the overall perceive score in every case.

The agent can always act on the environment. But it needs to find the best sets of actions to act on the environment in order to maximize that reward. This is why RL is important for self-adapting systems. Such as in AlphaGo, after a supervise phase of learning, AlphaGo play against it’s earlier self using RL to further improve on it’s own.


Robotic control systems can learn, using RL, how to move the robot arm in order to pick up objects for example. They can learn to move around the environment about object avoidance using RL. They can learn a multitude of control tasks this way, such as balancing.

RL can also be useful in game playing agents. Given the controls, the game environment and the score. The goal is to maximize the score and RL can help the agent figure out which action patterns lead to the best score. It may not be the best solution. But can be good enough and can almost always become better with more iterations.

There are many applications of RL and since deep learning (DL) is becoming more mainstream. There is now heavy research in deep RL such as at DeepMind. It is for training a variety of game playing agents as a way to get to artificial general intelligence (AGI).

So RL makes it possible to define vague goals and let the agent learn on it’s own by observing and acting on the environment to get the feedback. It is the route to AGI but it is currently notoriously hard to train these systems, we have much to learn from the dog I guess :).

Hope this helps.

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Types of Web Hosting Services

Posted Posted in Computer technology, Innovations

What is Web Hosting and ASP web hosting?

There are various types of web hosting services available to host your website. Before signing up for web hosting services, it is important to understand what kind of service your website needs, the kind of server you or your business needs, your budget, and what type of services the web host offers.

Here are some hosting options available:

  • Website Builders
  • Shared Hosting
  • Dedicated Hosting
  • Collocated Hosting

Website Builders

Website builder services is basically a type of hosting service that caters to beginners who need to host a website, but lack the technical skills as well as lack of knowledge to build one. Moreover, Website builder services typically provide you with an online browser-based interface to build your website, and also host the website for you without any additional setup.

Shared Hosting

In a shared hosting environment, your and other website owners shared one server. This includes sharing the physical server and the software applications within the server. Additionally, shared hosting services are affordable because the cost to operate the server is shared between you and these other owners. There are, however, a number of down sides, such as being slower.

Dedicated Hosting

In a dedicated hosting environment, you have the entire web server to yourself. This allows for faster performance, as you have all the server’s resources entirely, without sharing with other website owners. However, this also means that you will be responsible for the cost of server operation entirely. However, this is a good choice for websites that requires a lot of system resources, or need a higher level of security.

Collocated Hosting

In this type of hosting, you will purchase your own server and have it housed at a web host’s facilities. As well as you will be responsible for the server itself. An advantage of this type of hosting service is you have full control of the web server. You can install any scripts or applications you need.

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Web Hosting and ASP web hosting

Posted Posted in Computer technology, Innovations

What is Web Hosting?

Web hosting is a service that allows organizations and individuals to post a website or web page onto the Internet. A web host, or web hosting service provider, is a business that provides the technologies and services need for the website or webpage to be view in the Internet. Websites are hosted, or stored, on special computers called servers. When Internet users want to view your website, all they need to do is type your website address or domain into their browser. Their computer will then connect to your server and your webpages will be delivered to them through the browser.

Most hosting companies require that you own your domain in order to host with them. If you do not have a domain, the hosting companies will help you purchase one.

Here are some features you should be expecting from your hosting provider:


Email Accounts

As, most hosting providers require users to have their own domain name. With a domain name (e.g. and email account features provided by your hosting company, you can create domain email accounts (e.g.

FTP Access

The use of FTP lets you upload files from your local computer to your web server. If you build your website using your own HTML files, you can transfer the files from your computer to the web server through FTP, allowing your website to be access through the internet.

WordPress Support

WordPress is an online website creation tool. It is a powerful blogging and website content management system, which is a convenient way to create and manage website. WordPress powers over 25% of websites on the internet. Most hosting providers will tell you right away if their plans are WordPress-compatible or not. The simple requirements for hosting your WordPress websites include: PHP version 7 or greater; MySQL version 5.6 or greater.

How can my online business benefit from a web hosting service?

In order to publish your website online, your business website requires a web hosting service. However, a web host gives business owners more than just web hosting services! For example, web hosting firms typically employ in-house technicians to make sure their clients’ websites are up and running 24/7. Plus, when website owners are in need of help or troubleshooting (e.g. script debutting, email not able to send/receive, domain name renewal, and more), the web host’s in-house support are the go-to people. A professional web hosting service ensures a hassle-free experience for business owners, so they can efficiently focus their time and effort on their businesses.

What is ASP Web Hosting?

ASP web hosting refers to web hosting companies who provide support for ASP, or Active Server Page.

What is ASP?

ASP/Active Server Pages are HTML pages with embedded ASP scripts. ASP scripts are processed on the server before the page is sent to the visitor’s browser. ASP allows you to create dynamic database driven pages, a visitor can access data in a database and interact with page objects such as Active X or Java components.

How does ASP work?

When you type in a URL in the Address Box of your browser, you are asking the web server to send the file to your computer. If the file is standard HTML, then the file that your web browser receives will look exactly the same as it did on the web server. However, if an ASP file is sent to your computer from the server, it first runs the HTML code, then the ASP code. The ASP code could be anything such as the current time, date, or other such information.

How to find an ASP web host?

You will need to find a web host who will host your website on a Windows server. It is safer to host your ASP pages on a Windows server as they are more stable and most ASP components work specific to Windows. You also need to consider if your website uses a database, such as SQL and Access. Make sure your web host provides support for the type of database your website requires.

Types of Web Hosting services

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Posted Posted in General

Before the goals of sustainability, let me explain sustainability. Sustainable means able to maintained at certain level.

Zaptox explains sustainability

Sustainability is the ability to continue a defined behavior indefinitely. Moreover, meeting our own needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs is the call for Sustainability. Additionally, we also need social and economic resources. Sustainability is not just environmentalism. Embedded in most definitions of sustainability we also find concerns for social equity and economic development.

Where does the term come from?

While the concept of sustainability is a relatively new idea, the movement as a whole has roots in social justice, conservationism, internationalism and other past movements with rich histories. By the end of the twentieth centuries, many of these ideas had come together in the call for sustainable development.

Three pillars of sustainability

What would a sustainable world look like?

pillers of sustainabilty- goals of sustainability

Environmental Sustainability

We all know what we need to do to protection. about environment. That is recycling and reducing the power consumption by switching electronic devices off rather than using standby. Walking short journeys instead of using vehicles.

Economic Sustainability

Human communities across the globe are able to maintain their independence and have access to the resources that they require, financial and other, to meet their needs. Economic systems are intact and activities are available to everyone, such as secure sources of livelihood. Businesses are regulate to prevent pollution and to keep their own carbon emissions low. There are incentives to installing renewable power sources in our homes as well as businesses. It defines how we should study and protect ecosystems, air quality and sustainability of our resources. It also concerns how technology will drive our future.

Social Sustainability

Universal human rights and basic necessities are attainable by all people. Who have access to enough resources in order to keep their families and communities healthy and secure. Healthy communities have just leaders who ensure personal, labour and cultural rights are respected and all people are protected from discrimination.

Why sustainability?

The motivations behind sustainability are often complex, personal and diverse. It is unrealistic to create a list of reasons why so many individuals, groups and communities are working towards this goal. Yet, for most people, sustainability comes down to the kind of future we are leaving for the next generation. Sustainability as a value is shared by many individuals and organizations who demonstrate this value in their policies, everyday activities and behaviours. Individuals have played a major role in developing our current environmental and social circumstances. The people of today along with future generations must create solutions and adapt.

Goals of Sustainability

The sustainable development professional network thinks, acts as well as works globally. In 2012, United Nation Conference on Sustainability developed set of goals. These primary goals of sustainability are:

  • The end of poverty and hunger.
  • Better standards of education and healthcare. Particularly, as it pertains to water quality and better sanitation.
  • To achieve gender equality.
  • Sustainable economic growth while promoting jobs and stronger economies.
  • All of above and more while tackling the effects of climate change, pollution and other environmental factors that harm people’s health.
  • Sustainability to include health of the land, air and sea.

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